When experiencing migraine, drug consumption is often used as a mainstay to relieve headaches. However, what if incidentally not available the drug when migraine strikes? Calm, there is, Kok, how to cope with migraines without medication.

Migraines are headaches that feel pulsating, with moderate to severe intensity, and can be accompanied by symptoms of nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine is often felt on one side of the head, but it can also attack both sides of the head.

Some migraine sufferers may experience an aura that is a symptom of a nervous disorder, such as seeing a flash of light or smelling a particular smell.

This is how to overcome migraine without medication

There are currently no medications that can actually cure migraines because the mechanisms of migraines are not yet completely understood. Drug consumption is just one way to help relieve its symptoms.

You should know that in addition to taking medication, migraines can also be addressed by:

1. Relaxation and sleep

When experiencing migraine attacks, one becomes more sensitive to sound and light. Stopping activity and resting in a quiet and dark room can relieve migraine symptoms.

When possible, try to sleep. The chemical compounds that are produced by the brain while sleeping can relieve pain. In addition, adequate and orderly sleep in the same hour each day can help prevent migraine.

2. Cool or warm compress

The second way to cope with migraines without medication is by cold or warm compresses. Some people prefer to attach a pouch containing ice on the forehead or behind the neck to relieve pain during migraine. If you feel less comfortable with a cold compress, you can replace it with a warm compress. In addition, bathing with warm water can also provide a similar efficacy.

3. Caffeine

In small quantities, caffeine may reduce pain, including migraine consequences. However, be careful not to consume too much caffeine. Excessive consumption of caffeine instead raises headaches after the effect begins to disappear.

4. Meditation or yoga

Meditation by sitting in a quiet place and concentrating the mind on breathing can relieve pain. In addition to meditation, you can also do yoga to reduce the severity of migraines and lower the risk of migraine recurrence.

5. Lavender Aroma

The fifth way to cope with migraines without medication is inhaling the aroma of lavender. A study showed that people who inhaled the aroma of lavender oil for 15 minutes experienced a significant decrease in headache compared to those who did not.

6. Massage therapy

Providing gentle massage on the forehead area can smooth blood flow and help with relaxation. However, because migraine attacks can cause the sufferer to be very sensitive to touch, this way may be felt less suited to some people.

These are some simple ways you can do to cope with migraines without medication. When migraines attack, as much as possible avoid consumption of foods and beverages that can exacerbate symptoms, such as chocolate, cheese, processed meats, foods containing many monosodium glutamate (MSG), and alcoholic beverages.

Conversely, as much as possible consumption of foods rich in magnesium, such as green vegetables and nuts, to help prevent migraine recurrence.

If you have a headache that does not improve even if you have taken steps to overcome migraine without medication as described, even have been taking migraine medication, it is recommended to consult a doctor to be known cause and given appropriate treatment.

Doing a lot in order to make the partner really natural, Kok. However, if there is a lot of casualties but you never get a solid reply, you can be stuck in a codependent relationship. This relationship is unhealthy and should be corrected immediately.

Codependent relationship is a term to describe the relationship that one of his party always sacrificed his own desire and needs to be to please the other. In this connection, any decision made is not of its own volition, but depends on the approval of the other party.

Know the Codependent Relationship sign

A common codependent relationship is encountered on the same pair of illegal drug addicts. However, some studies have stated that a lot of codependent relationship occurs in people who have a history of trauma in childhood or have ever felt neglected by parents.

These people will generally grow into people accustomed to “begging” the love of people who are difficult to make. Eventually, this habit was carried over to their personal relationships to adulthood.

This kind of relationship can make a person feel worthless. However, not only that. Codependent relationship can also make someone lose a relationship with others, such as with family or friends.

If a person does not immediately act or exit the codependent relationship, this condition can cause him to experience mental health disorders, such as anxiety, stress, and depression. Therefore, realizing that we are in this unhealthy relationship is an important thing.

If you are in a codependent relationship, there are some traits that you can feel you are, namely:

  • Difficulties to make decisions in a relationship.
  • More approving the spouse’s decision as well as ignoring self opinions and desires.
  • Be willing to do anything, including self-harm to avoid being left behind by couples.
  • Difficulties to harming feelings for fear of hurting spouse or fear of angry spouse.
  • Difficulties to communicate with couples.
  • Have a sense of responsibility for the actions that are fully performed by couples.
  • Feeling the happiness of a spouse is a priority, even more of your own happiness.
  • Feel guilty when prioritizing your own desire.
  • Feeling unfairly treated and not good by the couple, but still can’t leave it because of the worry he can’t live without you.

Fix Codependent Relationship this way

Disconnecting with a partner is not the only solution to get out of the codependent relationship. In order to make your relationship healthier and positively impact the two of you, apply the following ways:

  • Set limits on what can be decided with or simply decided by yourself.
  • Learn to be confident and confident about every decision that has been made.
  • Be firm to refuse if it is uncomfortable to do something that a spouse would want.
  • Give support to the couple, but in a healthy barrier, without sacrificing all your thoughts and time for it.
  • Spend a lot of time with family and friends who support and appreciate U.
  • Increase activities that are beneficial to improve your self-esteem, such as doing hobbies or learning.
  • Always keep your health healthy by consuming wholesome food, regular exercise, and adequate rest.
  • Stop negative thinking about yourself.

In having a relationship, ideally each individual gives each other happiness. However, if only one individual struggles to ignore his or her own feelings, the relationship must be corrected immediately in order not to cause a bad impact for both mental and physical health.

Remember, you are as valuable as your partner and you deserve to be able to have control of your own life. Being a “victim” in the codependent relationship is often closely related to the low confidence. Therefore, you must learn to appreciate yourself, yes.

Indeed, it can be difficult for you. However, you can try it. There’s a lot of help you can get around you. In fact, do not hesitate to consult with a psychologist for advice, so you and your spouse can get out of this unhealthy relationship immediately.

COVID-19 is a disease caused by the virus Severe Acute respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 May cause disorders of the respiratory system, ranging from mild symptoms such as flu, to lung infections, such as pneumonia.

COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019) is a type of new disease caused by the virus of the coronavirus, namely SARS-CoV-2 which is also commonly called Corona virus.

The first case of the disease occurred in the city of Wuhan, China, at the end of December 2019. After that, COVID-19 transmitted between humans very rapidly and spread to dozens of countries, including Indonesia, in just a few months.

Its rapid deployment makes some countries enforce policies to enforce lockdown to prevent the spread of Corona viruses. In Indonesia, the government is implementing a large-scale social restriction (PSBB) policy to suppress the spread of this virus.

Death rate due to COVID-19

According to the data released Task Force acceleration handling COVID-19 Republic of Indonesia, the number of positive confirmed cases until July 3, 2020 was 59,394 people with a death count of 2,987 people.

From both figures it can be concluded that the case fatality rate or death rate caused by COVID-19 in Indonesia is about 5%. The case fatality rate is a percentage of the total positive cases of COVID-19 that has been confirmed and reported.

Referring to the data, case fatality rate is based on the following age groups:

  • 0 – 5 years: 2.4%
  • 6 – 17 years: 0.5%
  • 18 – 30 years: 0.7%
  • 31 – 45 Years: 2.1%
  • 46 – 59 years: 7.75%
  • > 60 years: 15.9%

From all sufferers of COVID-19 who passed away, 1.1% aged 0 – 5 years, 0.6% aged 6 – 17, 3.2% aged 18 – 30, 13.2% aged 31 – 45, 40.1% aged 46 – 59, and 41.8% aged 60 and above.

As per gender, 60.4% of the sufferers who died of COVID-19 were men and the remaining 39.6% were women.

Causes of COVID-19

COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2, a new type of coronavirus (virus group that infects the respiratory system). Corona virus infections can cause mild to moderate respiratory infections, such as flu, or infections of the respiratory and lung systems, such as pneumonia.

COVID-19 was originally transmitted from animals to humans. Afterwards, it is known that this infection can also be transmitted from human to human. The transmission can be through the following ways:

Accidentally inhale the splash (droplet) that exits when the sufferer COVID-19 sneezes or coughs
Holding the mouth, nose, or eyes without washing your hands first, after touching the affected object droplet sufferers COVID-19
Close-up contact (less than 2 meters) with a COVID-19 sufferer without wearing a mask

CDC and WHO states COVID-19 can also be transmitted via aerosols (particle substances in the air). Nevertheless, this means of transmission only occurs in certain medical procedures, such as bronchoscopy, endotracheal intubation, suction of mucus, and administration of inhalation medication via nebulizer.

Risk Factors COVID-19

COVID-19 can infect anyone, but the effect will be more dangerous or even fatal when attacking the elderly, pregnant women, smokers, sufferers of certain diseases, and people whose endurance is weak, such as cancer sufferers.

Because it is easily contagious, the disease is also a high risk of infecting medical personnel treating COVID-19 patients. Therefore, medical personnel and people who make contact with COVID-19 patients need to use personal protective equipment (PPE).

Symptoms of COVID-19

Early symptoms of COVID-19 can resemble flu-like symptoms, such as fever, cold, dry cough, sore throat, and headaches. After that, the symptoms can be lost and cured or even memberat. Sufferers with severe symptoms can experience high fever, cough with phlegm or bleeding, shortness of breath, and chest pains. The aforementioned symptoms arise when the body reacts against the COVID-19 virus.

In general, there are 3 common symptoms that can indicate a person is infected with COVID-19, namely:

  • Fever (body temperature above 38 °c)
  • Dry cough
  • Shortness of breath

In addition to the above symptoms, there are several other rare symptoms, but they can also appear in COVID-19 infections, namely:

  • Easy to get tired
  • Muscle aches
  • Chest Pain
  • Sore throat
  • Headaches
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Cold or nasal congestion
  • Chills
  • Sneezing
  • Loss of taste or smell tasting ability

Symptoms of COVID-19 may appear within 2 days to 2 weeks after a virus is infected with the cause. In some sufferers, COVID-19 may not cause any symptoms at all. Nevertheless, the sufferer (people without the symptoms/OTG) can still transmit COVID-19 to others.

When to go to a doctor

Immediately do self-isolation when you experience the symptoms of the COVID-19 infection as mentioned above, especially if in the last 2 weeks you are in an area that has a COVID-19 case or contact with a COVID-19 sufferer. After that, call the COVID-19 hotline at 119 Ext. 9 to get further directions.

If you suspect that you are exposed to COVID-19 but do not experience any symptoms, you do not need to be checked into the hospital. Simply stay at home for 14 days and restrict contact with others.

If new symptoms arise, check with your doctor by phone or online health application.

Dental and gum health is essential to be kept from causing illness. However, maintaining the health of teeth and gums can not be done simply by brushing the teeth every day. You also need to use a mouthwash to clean the teeth and gums thoroughly and effectively.

The remaining food left in between the teeth can accumulate and form a plaque attached to the tooth. The acidic substances contained in the plaque can slowly erode the email or the outer layer of the tooth and cause problems with the tooth, such as perforated teeth and gingitivis.

The importance of mouthwash for dental and gum health

To keep your teeth and gums healthy and protected from toothache, you are advised to always keep your teeth and gums clean. This can be done, ranging from routine brushing to teeth after eating and before bedtime, as well as gargle with bottle afterwards.

Various studies have proved that bottle or mouthwashes can cleanse the rest of the food in the tooth or mouth area that is unreachable by the toothbrush. Not only that, mouthwash can also eliminate or control the amount of bad bacteria in the mouth.

Thus, the formation of plaque on the teeth causes dental problems and the mouth will be reduced.

However, you should keep in mind that the use of mouthwash for the health of teeth and gums should be accompanied by brushing the teeth routinely at least 2 times a day and using a dental thread to remove the leftovers that are tucked in between the teeth.

Various content in mouthwash and its benefits

In order to maintain healthy teeth and gums, you are advised to use a mouthwash that contains the following active ingredients:


The Gargle routine with a mouthwash containing fluoride proved to help reduce the risk of perforated teeth. Not only that, fluoride also serves to re-line the dental email, preventing the loss of minerals from the dental email, and inhibiting the growth of harmful bacteria in the mouth.

Essential Oils

Mouthwash that contains essential oil tea tree oil or other plant extracts, such as thyme leaves, mint, and siwak, contains chemical substances thymol, methyl salicylate, Menthol, or Eucalyptol.

These substances have antiseptic properties that can protect the mouth from gingivitis and toothache, as well as reduce plaque formation in the teeth.

Green Tea

Green tea contains compounds that are believed to be recoated dental emails, reducing plaque and growth of bad bacteria in the oral cavity, as well as lowering the acidity of the saliva. Therefore, green tea extract is widely used as a mouthwash.

In addition to routine brushing and using mouthwash, do not forget to routinely go to the dentist once every 6 months to have a checked and clean the teeth. Let’s take care of your teeth and gums from now on.

New slimming drugs will work well if combined with a healthy lifestyle because of the risk of increasing weight again after slimming drug consumption is stopped. In addition, certain drugs may contain substances that are harmful to the body.

In 2010, the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency withdrew six brands of diet drugs from the market because they contained sibutramin. This material can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. Therefore, it is important to recognize the ingredients in slimming drugs so that the desire to be thin does not actually endanger health.

Recognize the Content in Slimming Drugs

Slimming drugs are sold freely or prescribed by doctors available with different ingredients and effects. Before buying or taking it, make sure the drug is registered with BPOM and pay attention to the name of the content listed on the drug packaging. To help you, here are some of the ingredients that are generally contained in slimming pills.

Materials that are classified as effective

The following are ingredients that are generally contained in various slimming drug products. These ingredients are thought to be effective for weight loss, but that doesn’t mean they don’t have risks.


How it works: reduce levels of fat absorbed by the body.

Side effects:

Gain back weight if a healthy lifestyle such as exercise is not applied
Stomach cramps, gas, more frequent bowel movements.
Makes the body difficult to absorb vitamins A, D, E, and K for some time.

The orlistat side effects are generally mild and temporary. Drugs with this content can be used in the long term, but it is recommended to be consumed after the patient goes on a low-fat diet. Users of these drugs are also advised to take vitamin A, D, E and K. supplements.

The doctor’s prescribed Orlistat is generally given the name Xenical. While that is sold freely given in half the amount of Xenical dose, known as the Alli brand.


How it works: reduce appetite.

Side effects: diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, insomnia, tremors, difficulty breathing, chest pain, palpitations, high blood pressure, and drowsiness that make you unable to do activities such as driving. Serious side effects from phentermine do not often occur with short-term use.

Phentermine is an amphetamine that is at risk of causing addiction. In addition to special recipes needed to get it, this ingredient is also recommended to be consumed only in the short term, which is only a few weeks.

Not recommended for consumption by:

Pregnant and nursing mothers.
People who have a history of stroke, high blood pressure, heart attack, congestive heart failure, hyperthyroidism, glaucoma.
People who have a history of drug abuse.

Phentermine prescribed by a doctor is generally called Duromine.

Qysmia: a combination of phentermine and topiramate

How it works: reduce appetite.

Side effects: tingling hands and feet, dizziness, insomnia, constipation, dry mouth, birth defects in pregnant women who consume, eye disorders, and heart rate faster.

Not recommended for consumption by:

Pregnant woman or planning to become pregnant.
People with hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, stroke, heart disease.

This drug, known as the Qysmia brand, can be taken in the long term.

Although proven effective, but considering the risks that are not light, it is recommended to consult a doctor before taking.

Material that has not been proven effective

The following ingredients are also often contained in slimming products. But actually there is no research that is strong enough to prove its effectiveness in losing weight.

Green Tea Extract

Consuming green tea extract with caffeine can slightly reduce body mass index. However, these benefits will not be obtained if green tea extract is not consumed with caffeine.

Green coffee extract

Green coffee extract or green coffee is taken from coffee beans that have not been roasted. In one study, it was found that the long term weight loss effect of this substance is very small and there is still not enough evidence to state that green coffee extract is effective and safe in the long run.


Chitosan is a sugar-like compound found in shrimp, lobster, and crab shells. Taking chitosan without burning calories will not be beneficial to lose weight.


This compound is believed to increase the hormone insulin. However, most studies have found that taking chromium orally is not beneficial for weight loss.

Acai Give

Various products containing these types of berries are believed to help you lose weight. However, until now there has been no research that can prove this.

Garcinia cambogia

Eating garcinia cambogia is believed to reduce appetite and prevent fat formation. In one study it was found that weight loss when taking drugs containing these compounds is not significant and still requires long-term research.

If the above ingredients are contained in the slimming drug you choose, then the drug has not been proven effective for weight loss.

Hazardous material

Circulation of slimming products containing the following ingredients has been banned because of the risk of endangering health.


Causes seizures, high blood pressure, abnormal heart rates, strokes, heart attacks.


This ingredient affects blood sugar levels, causes high blood pressure, and causes poisoning and death if consumed by children. Since 2001, BPOM has banned the distribution of products containing ephedra.

Rimonabant (Zimulti)

Linked to an increased risk of mood disorders, depression, insomnia, and even the emergence of suicidal ideation.


Used for the treatment of epilepsy. Can cause joint pain, jaundice, bleeding, anemia, bones become weak, and increase blood sugar levels.

To prevent dangerous risks, avoid consuming slimming drugs that contain the above ingredients.

Get the Best Benefits of Slimming Drugs

The risks above do not mean you should avoid slimming drugs altogether. Products with effective ingredients that are classified as safe can still provide benefits if consumed with the following guidelines.

Check the label and understand the risks.

Every slimming drug, including over-the-counter drugs, is not necessarily risk free. Always read the rules of use and side effects, especially if you have certain diseases.

Consult a doctor.

Before taking slimming drugs, it helps you discuss it with your doctor first. In addition to checking whether you are overweight, your doctor may be able to prescribe diet drugs that have minimal side effects, especially if you are taking other drugs at the same time.

Check BPOM list.

You can check the safety of a drug by checking whether the drug has been registered with BPOM by searching for it in this list.

Change lifestyle.

In general, drugs are recommended to be consumed in a limited period of time. The benefits and effects will not last long if they are not accompanied by lifestyle changes. Selectively choosing healthy foods and exercising regularly remain the foundation for weight loss.

Besides being risky, slimming drugs may not necessarily bring the same benefits if consumed by different people. Make this product only as a complement to the main effort to reduce weight. You can try a natural diet and regular exercise to achieve maximum results.

To get the ideal body weight, you need to maintain your diet and exercise regularly. One choice of exercise that can be done is yoga for weight loss. Let’s look at any yoga moves or poses that can reduce weight in the following article.

Calories burned while yoga are not as much as you do cardio and aerobic exercise. However, yoga exercises have different concepts and ways from cardio and aerobic exercise to lose weight.

Not only through burning calories in every movement, yoga can also encourage someone to be more aware and focused in living a healthier lifestyle.

In addition, yoga is also said to help suppress appetite, deal with stress, and make you sleep more soundly. This is what makes yoga good for weight loss.
Yoga Pose for Weight Loss

Every yoga movement has different benefits. Well, there are three types of yoga movements to lose weight, namely:
Position of sun salutation or solar namaskara

This yoga pose can be done in the following ways:

Start in a standing position, then inhale and move both hands straight up over your head.
Exhale then bend your body while keeping your back straight. Then straighten your arms down until your fingers touch the floor, place your fingers in front of your toes.
Inhale and then position your body on your stomach and support your body using both forearms and legs (plank position). Hold this position for at least 5-10 seconds while inhaling and exhaling.
Then slowly lower your knees to the floor followed by lowering your chest and chin to the floor. After that, straighten your arms to lift your body while tilting your head, keeping your knees still touching the floor.
Now, change your posture. Raise your hips up then place your palms on the floor in front of you and your feet behind you until your body position resembles the inverted V Hold this position for 5-8 seconds.
After that, lift your body until it returns to position number 2. Then position your body to stand up straight like the starting position, while breathing in and raising your arms straight up. Then, place both hands on the sides of the body relax while regulating breathing.

Perform this movement 10 times. Increase the intensity by holding the position for a longer time or by speeding up the tempo of the movement.
Boat position

The following is a sequence of ways to do yoga boat position:

Start in a sitting position on the mat. Bend your knees in front of you and feet flat on the floor.
With palms facing up, straighten your arms forward until your hands are rubbing the sides of your knees.
Lean your body back until the body forms a 45 degree angle to the floor.
Slowly lift your feet from the floor to knee level, if possible straighten the legs to form the letter V.
Hold that position for 30 seconds while regulating breathing and keeping your shoulders relaxed. Repeat this movement five times.

Plank position

Plank position is the simplest yoga pose for weight loss. In addition to losing weight, plank can also be done to train the strength of the abdominal and back muscles.

Here is how to do the correct plank position:

Start with the prone position, then support the body using both elbows and legs. Keep both elbows parallel to the shoulders.
Maintain the body position and keep the body position in a straight line while holding the abdominal muscles.
Hold the movement for 1 minute then back on his stomach. Repeat this movement for 10-15 minutes.

If you are not familiar with yoga, you can start by doing yoga movements that are simpler, including yoga movements for beginners. Once you get used to doing yoga, try some yoga moves to lose weight.

But remember, to get the ideal body weight with yoga, this exercise needs to be done routinely and regularly, for example 3 times a week. You can also combine yoga movements with other sports, such as jogging, pilates, biking, or swimming.